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Archaeological sites

The Geographical location of the UAE has positioned it as one of the major trade destinations throughout the ages. This fact has attracted many civilizations to the area, which in turn marked it with historical landmarks and remains that shaped the history of the country.

Jabel Hafit Tombs – Bronze Age (300 – 2700 B.C.)

This unique location is found on the foot of Mount Hafeet in the city of Al Ain and goes back to the bronze age. In this location, over 200 tombs were discovered, with many copperplates, crockery and colored beads hidden. Jabel Hafit Tombs have been included in the World Heritage List in 2011.

Umm AL Nar – Middle Bronze Age (2700 – 2000 B.C.)

This location represents a distinguished civilized pattern known as Umm Al Nar civilization. This civilization flourished in the mid of the third millennium B.C. and extended to various areas in Arabian Gulf.

The location was excavated in 1959 by a Danish team and the archaeologists have discovered a cemetery comprising 50 above-ground tombs.

Al Hilli Archaelogical Park - Midde Branze Age (2700-2000 B.C.)

The largest Bronze Age complex in the UAE, dating from the 3rd millennium BC, is located at Hili in Al Ain. Seven circular tombs divided into rooms were discovered. Inside the rooms, archaeologists have found a number of pottery jars, beads and copper arrowheads.

AlQusais- Iron Age (1300-300 B.C.)

Al-Qusais located 12 kilometers east of the Emirate of Dubai. Tombs have been found in this area constructed below ground level. Perhaps the most important thing is the discovery of skeleton dates back to 900 years B.C. This is in addition to pottery, stone, bronze arrow-heads, which date back to the late second millennium B.C.

Jumeirah - the early Islamic era (Abbasid) 750 A.D  - 1258 A.D

The Jumeirah site is one of the most important Islamic archaeological sites in the country and it's located close to the beach in the Emirate of Dubai. It includes a number of stone buildings that its walls are covered by layer of plaster. Currently, Dubai Department of Tourism and Commerce Marketing, is conducting on-site excavation, preservation and restoration.

Maliha - Hellenistic period 300 B.C. -300 A.D

The site of Maliha is one of the important sites in the Emirate of Sharjah.  Archaeological discoveries have shown that Mleha was in touch with other civilizations in the Mediterranean, South Asia, and the South and north of the Arabian Peninsula.In addition to Mesopotamia and east of the Arabian Peninsula. Many Greek amphora jars and its handle have been discovered in this site. These jars were imported from the island of Rhodes in the eastern Mediterranean at the beginning of the second century B.C. This discovery is the first evidence on the trade relation between the UAE and Greek civilizations. In 1994 a cemetery containing 26 graves of which among them are dedicated to camels has been found in the site. Bone skeletons of a camel and a horse which was buried with full bridle gold decorated were found in the graveyard.

Muwailih Site - Iron Age 1300-300 B.C

Muwailih site in Sharjah is one of the significant sites in the Iron Age. The excavations showed that the buildings within the site have been damaged by massive fire. The first evidence of writing in the UAE where found in this site, where it was on a piece pottery with the three letters of the South Arabic (B, M, L). The Muwailih is one of listed sites on the UAE preliminary list to be nominated in the future to the World Heritage List.

Alamuehat Site - Bronze Age 2700 - 2000 B.C.

The Alamuehat site is located in the emirate of Ajman. The archaeological excavations revealed that the site has circular tomb built of stone dated back to the Umm Al Nar period. The tomb has been moved to the Ajman Museum

Masfoot Site - Bronze Age / third millennium B.C

Masfout area is located in the southeast of the Emirate of Ajman, and its part of mountain stone series. In this site, a set of rock carvings were found which represents a group of people in different situations, as well as inscriptions for people holding fishing tools and spear. These inscriptions are dated back to third millennium B.C.

AlDoor Site - Hellenistic Age .300 B.C. 300A.D

Dated back to the first century B.C. Archaeological excavations have revealed several buildings including building of temple which all built by stone sea. In addition to a set of tombs which contains some pottery artifacts and coins. AlDoor  site is listed on the UAE preliminary list to be nominated in the future to the World Heritage List.

Alakaab Island site - stone ages / 5000 B.C.

Alakaaab island site is a unique archaeological site not only at the country level, but all over the world. Alakaaab island is located in the Emirate of Umm Al Quwain, dating back to the Neolithic period. The archaeological excavations confirmed the presence of a patch of land turned out to be used for the slaughter of Dugongs animal; a marine animal mammal that still live in the Arabian Gulf to time. This site can be compared with the "code" ritualistic sites located on the Australian coast near the Torres Strait and dating back to the period between (centuries 14 - 20 A.D) which has revealed the remains of dugong bones that have been used in the formation of ritual facilities.

Bidya Mosque - the fifth century A.D

The Archaeological Bidya mosque in the Emirate of Fujairah, which dates back to the fifth century A.D is the oldest mosque for prayers on the country's level. The mosque is distinguished by its architectural designing and distinctive domes. It was recently restored and is listed on the UAE preliminary list to be nominated in the future to the World Heritage List.

Qidfa site - Iron Age / 1300 -300 B.C

Qidfa site is one of archaeological sites in the Emirate of Fujairah. A collectivism tomb were found inside this site,  which contains thousand artifacts dating back to the Iron Age.

Galfar - Islamic era - the sixteenth century

Julfar site is located in the emirate of Ras Al Khaimah, and it's one of the important archaeological sites. The name of the site was mentioned in trade documents between Merchants of Venice in Italy and the shores of the Arabian Gulf communities.

Shaml - Bronze Age / 2000 -1300 BC

Shaml archaeological site is located in the emirate of Ras Al Khaimah and dates back to the Bronze Age. It includes housing settlement, and it's one of the important sites in the region.

Last Modified Date: 15 August 2016